UK-Discours de la Reine : le Royaume-Uni organise le référendum de sortie de l'UE pour 2016, Les Anglais ne veulent pas rester dans le champ de Bataille créé par les USA.

Publié le par José Pedro

#RoyaumeUni Discours de la Reine : le Royaume-Uni officialise par la voix d'Elizabeth II le référendum de sortie de l'UE... qui pourrait intervenir dès 2016

Le gouvernement britannique a officialisé un projet de loi confirmant l'organisation d'ici à la fin 2017 d'un référendum sur "le maintien ou pas" du Royaume-Uni dans l'Union européenne, illustrant la volonté du Premier ministre David Cameron d'avancer au plus vite sur ce dossier.

Ce projet de loi a été annoncé devant le parlement de Westminster par Elizabeth II à l'occasion du traditionnel discours de la reine. Lu par la souveraine mais rédigé par le gouvernement, il présente le programme législatif pour les cinq années à venir et marque l'ouverture de la session parlementaire.

"Une loi sera présentée pour organiser un référendum sur le maintien ou pas (du Royaume-Uni) dans l'Union européenne avant la fin 2017", a-t-elle déclaré devant les parlementaires et les membres du gouvernement Cameron, qui ont écouté le discours debout. Le scrutin pourrait intervenir dès 2016. David Cameron avait promis pendant sa campagne électorale de mettre en place cette consultation en cas de victoire aux législatives du 7 mai.

Elizabeth II a également annoncé que le gouvernement introduirait un texte visant à garantir un gel des impôts sur les ménages jusqu'en 2020. Sur l'Europe, la reine a rappelé que le gouvernement n'organiserait de référendum qu'à l'issue d'une phase de renégociation des conditions d'appartenance du Royaume-Uni au groupe des 28.

Les détails du projet de loi seront officiellement présentés aux députés jeudi. Selon la BBC, la question posée aux Britanniques sera du type : "Le Royaume-Uni doit-il rester un membre de l'UE ?", une formulation qui place donc les europhiles dans le camp du oui.

Queen's Speech 2015: EU referendum, tax freeze and right-to-buy

An EU referendum by the end of 2017 is among a packed programme of new laws in the first Conservative-only Queen's Speech in nearly two decades.

It also includes more free childcare, an income tax freeze and the right-to-buy for housing association tenants.

David Cameron said the 26-bill package was a "programme for working people" that would create full employment and "bring our country together".

The measures were unveiled by the Queen amid the usual pomp and ceremony.

The proposed legislation includes:

  • A ban on income tax, VAT and national insurance increases for five years
  • A freeze on working age benefits, tax credits and child benefit for two years from 2016/17
  • 30 hours free childcare a week for three and four-year-olds by 2017
  • Cutting the total amount one household can claim in benefits from £26,000 to £23,000
  • More devolution for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland and "English votes for English laws" at Westminster
  • 500 more free schools and more failing and "coasting" schools turned into Academies
  • A ban on so-called legal highs
  • A "truly seven day" NHS by 2020
  • Here is a bill-by-bill rundown of the full programme
  • Follow all the action and the reaction in text and video on Politics Live

Many of the proposed new laws were promised by the Conservatives during the general election campaign.

But Mr Cameron will be able to press ahead with plans previously blocked by the Liberal Democrats after winning an overall majority on 7 May.

These include an Investigatory Powers Bill to give intelligence agencies new tools to target internet data, dubbed a "snooper's charter" by critics.

But the prime minister has delayed plans to scrap the Human Rights Act to avoid a potential confrontation with his own backbenchers. Instead, the government will bring forward proposals for a British Bill of Rights to replace the Human Rights Act, with legislation expected following consultation later in the parliament.

There was no mention in the speech of a promised free Commons vote on repealing the fox hunting ban, but environment secretary Liz Truss said the vote would happen by 2020

David Cameron and Harriet Harman
John Bercow
George Osborne and David Cameron

Analysis by Political Correspondent Iain Watson

House of Lords

The political message is clear - that the government will help "working people" but not those claiming benefits who, in the words if the prime minister, are "sitting at home".

The Conservatives' own polling highlighted that this was a powerful message especially in the Midlands and southern marginals seized from, or defended from, Labour.

The intention is to try to recreate the coalition, not with the Lib Dems, but with people who don't traditionally back the Conservatives, but whose parents may well have voted for Mrs Thatcher before deserting the party for Tony Blair.

The prime minister is even using the language of 'One Nation' - briefly favoured by Ed Miliband.

Read Iain's full analysis of the Queen's Speech here.

Gentlemen at arms
Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
The Queen heads back to Buckingham Palace

Mr Cameron's flagship policy of giving 1.3 million housing association tenants in England the right to buy their homes at a discount was in the Queen's Speech.

Another key priority for the new government is Chancellor George Osborne's Northern Powerhouse plan, with a bill paving the way for HS2 and another piece of legislation enabling cities to bid for an elected mayor, with more powers over transport, planning, policing and health. The mayor would take over the role of Police and Crime Commissioner for the area.

There is also a Trade Unions Bill, imposing a 50% turnout threshold on strike ballots, with a further requirement in essential public services for strikes to be supported by 40% of those entitled to vote.

Reading out the speech, which is prepared for her by the government, from her throne in the House of Lords, Her Majesty said: "My government will legislate in the interests of everyone in the country.

"It will adopt a one nation approach, helping working people get on, supporting aspiration, giving new opportunities to the disadvantaged and bringing different parts of our country together."

Mr Cameron described his first legislative programme as the head of a Conservative government as an agenda for "working people," with three million more apprenticeships promised over the next five years and a new law to ensure the minimum wage remains tax free.

"There should be a job for everyone who wants one - in other words, full employment," said the prime minister in his introduction to the Queen's Speech.

He said that after the British economy was hauled back from the brink of disaster in 2010, the UK now stands "on the brink of something special".

'Bold first step'

"We have a golden opportunity to renew the idea that working people are backed in this country; to renew the promise to those least fortunate that they will have the opportunity for a brighter future; and to renew the ties that bind every part of our United Kingdom.

"We now have the mandate to deliver that renewal. And it starts with this Queen's Speech."

He described the programme as "the bold first step of a One Nation government," which would create a Britain whose people could "get a decent job, have a good education, buy a home of your own, have dignity when you retire and feel safe and secure throughout your life".

But Lib Dem leader and former deputy prime minister Nick Clegg accused Mr Cameron of abandoning the "liberal stance" espoused by the previous coalition government.

Harriet Harman, Labour's acting leader, said the Conservatives wanted to "set the nations of the country against each other" and threaten "basic rights at work".

The SNP said they were "the only real opposition to the Tories in Westminster", following a Queen's Speech which they said "ties Scotland to the wrong priorities".

Angus Robertson, the SNP's leader at Westminster, said his 56 MPs would "stand firm against the relentless drive of Tory austerity, and their proposals to slash social security spending by removing benefits from young people and freezing benefits for working families" and would make a "a positive case for membership of the EU".

He added: "When it comes to more powers for Scotland, the ball is in David Cameron's court. Anything less than implementation of the Smith Commission in full would be a breach of faith."

Un référendum sur le maintien du Royaume-Uni dans l'UE « avant la fin de 2017 »
La reine Élisabeth, se dirigeant vers le trône pour son discours.La reine Élisabeth, se dirigeant vers le trône pour son discours.  Photo :  Suzanne Plunkett / Reuters

La reine Élisabeth a confirmé mercredi devant le Parlement britannique que le gouvernement présenterait un projet de loi référendaire sur le maintien du Royaume-Uni dans l'Union européenne, dans son traditionnel discours sur le programme du nouveau gouvernement.

Rédigé par les services du premier ministre David Cameron, ce discours ouvre la nouvelle législature issue des élections du 7 mai, que le Parti conservateur a largement remportées.

« Une législation sera rapidement introduite relative à un référendum pour ou contre le maintien dans l'Union européenne avant la fin de 2017 », a déclaré la reine devant la Chambre des communes pour le compte du premier ministre.

« Mon gouvernement renégociera la relation du Royaume-Uni avec l'Union européenne et recherchera une réforme de l'Union européenne au bénéfice de tous les États membres », a ajouté la reine.

Au cours de sa campagne victorieuse, Cameron a promis de renégocier le fonctionnement de l'UE et de consulter ses compatriotes, évoquant la fin 2017 « au plus tard ».